Accessibility Testing Discussion Notes


Event: Misfits of QA MeetUp, Toronto, Ontario
Host: Anastasia Powell, Head of Quality Assurance at Mercatus Technologies Inc.
Topic: Accessibility Testing - What do we know?
Speaker: David Best, Accessibility Information Technology Specialist
Date: June 21, 6:30pm
Location: MisFits QA web page

Definition Of Common Terms

What is Accessibility?

Web Accessibility is the deficit gap between the Disability of the user and the System capabilities. The goal is to bridge the Accessibility Gap, through Universal Design, that will create the best possible interoperability of System components to achieve the desired User experience.

What is Usability?

Usability is the ease of use and learnability of a human-made object, and includes methods of measuring the user experience. That is, Usability describes the quality of the user experience across the entire website.

What is Interoperability?

What is a Disability?

People with disabilities access and navigate the Web in different ways, depending on their individual needs and preferences. Sometimes people configure standard software and hardware according to their needs, and sometimes people use specialized software or hardware that help them perform certain tasks.

What is AODA?

Recognizing the history of discrimination against persons with disabilities, the province of Ontario has taken a global leadership role in setting legislative Accessibility Standards for an inclusive society. The purpose of the AODA is to benefit all Ontarians by developing, implementing and enforcing accessibility standards in order to achieve accessibility for Ontarians with disabilities with respect to goods, services, facilities, accommodation, employment, buildings, structures and premises on or before January 1, 2025.

What is WCAG?

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) covers a wide range of recommendations for making Web content more accessible. Following these guidelines will make content accessible to a wider range of people with disabilities. Following these guidelines will also often make your Web content more usable to users in general. WCAG success criteria are written as testable statements that are not technology-specific.

What is ARIA?

Accessibility of web content requires semantic information about widgets, structures, and behaviors, in order to allow assistive technologies to convey appropriate information to persons with disabilities. ARIA specification provides an ontology of roles, states, and properties that define accessible user interface elements and can be used to improve the accessibility and interoperability of web content and applications.

Evaluation And Reporting

What is functional testing?

The purpose of Functional testing is to ensure code is behaving as expected and website design is defect free.

What is usability Testing?

Usability Testing deals with user behaviour, and determines user experience.

What is accessibility evaluation reporting?

Web accessibility reporting must be integrated into the product life cycle strategy to enhance organizational skills and customer satisfaction.

What are the primary screen reader success criterias?

The following is not a complete list of WCAG success criteria, and you should refer to the W3C/WAI web site for more details on using the WCAG criteria. If time permits, a live hands-on demonstration of accessibility evaluation of real web sites can be performed.